Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Fair Value Measurements

Fair Value Measurements
12 Months Ended
Dec. 29, 2012
Fair Value Measurements [Abstract]  
Fair Value Measurements

Note 3 – Fair Value Measurements

Fair value is defined as an exit price representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. As such, fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability.

Provisions of ASC 820 establish a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. These tiers include:

Level 1 – Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;

Level 2 – Inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and

Level 3 – Unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore, requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.


We measure our financial assets and liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis using the following valuation techniques:

(a) Market Approach – uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities.

(b) Income Approach – uses valuation techniques to convert future estimated cash flows to a single present amount based on current market expectations about those future amounts, using present value techniques.

Financial Assets Valued on a Recurring Basis

As of December 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company held certain assets that are required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis. These included the Company’s financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents and investments. The following table represents our fair value hierarchy and the valuation techniques used for financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis (in thousands):


    As of December 29, 2012
    Total     Level 1     Level 2     Level 3     Valuation



Cash and cash equivalents (1)

  $ 1,030     $ 1,030     $  —       $  —       (a)

Investments – mutual funds (2)

    110       110       —         —       (a)












    $ 1,140     $ 1,140     $  —       $ —        














    As of December 31, 2011
    Total     Level 1     Level 2     Level 3     Valuation



Cash and cash equivalents (1)

  $ 10,335     $ 10,335     $ —       $ —       (a)

Investments – mutual funds (2)

    1,125       1,125       —         —       (a)

Investments – ARPS (3)

    2,104       —         —         2,104     (b)












    $ 13,564     $ 11,460     $  —       $ 2,104      















Cash equivalents consist primarily of money market funds and short-term investments with original maturity dates of three months or less at the date of purchase, for which the Company determines fair value through quoted market prices.


Investments consist of mutual funds, classified as short-term investments available-for-sale and recorded at fair market value, based on quoted prices of identical assets that are trading in active markets as of the end of the period for which the values are determined.


As of December 31, 2011, the Company had invested in ARPS, which were classified as long-term available-for-sale securities and reflected at $2.1 million (fair value), which included an unrealized loss of $21,000. The Company has included its investments related to ARPS in the Level 3 category. During the second quarter of 2012, the remaining ARPS balance at December 31, 2011 was fully redeemed at par.

Before utilizing Level 3 inputs in the fair value measurement of our ARPS, the Company considered significant Level 2 observable inputs of similar assets in active and inactive markets. These investments consisted solely of collateralized debt obligations supported by municipal and state agencies; did not include mortgage-backed securities or student loans; had redemption features that called for redemption at 100% of par value; and had a credit rating of A or AAA. The Company fully redeemed its investment at par value during the second quarter of 2012. As of December 31, 2011, we classified our ARPS as long-term due to the historical uncertainties at that time. The fact that there was not an active market to liquidate these investments was a determining factor in classifying them as Level 3. Due to the uncertainty with regard to the short-term liquidity of these securities, the Company determined that it could not rely on par value to represent fair value. Therefore, the Company estimated the fair values of these securities utilizing a discounted cash flow valuation model. On a quarterly basis we evaluated the reasonableness of the significant unobservable inputs used in our ARPS fair value measurements. The valuation model used for our ARPS investments required an evaluation of the collateralization underlying the security investments, the creditworthiness of the counterparty, the timing of expected future cash flows, and the expectation the security will have a successful auction or market liquidity. These securities were also compared, when possible, to other observable market data with similar characteristics to the securities held by the Company. Based on these factors, we assessed the risk of realizing expected cash flows and we applied an estimated term and observable discount rate that reflected this risk. As a result of the temporary declines in fair value for the Company’s ARPS, the Company recorded an unrealized holding loss of $21,000 to accumulated other comprehensive income as of December 31, 2011. If the Company had determined that any decrease in the value of the instruments was other-than-temporary, it would have recorded a charge to earnings as appropriate.

During fiscal year 2012, 2011 and 2010, there were no transfers into or out of level 1 and level 2 assets. The following tables present the Company’s ARPS activity measured at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) during fiscal year 2012 and 2011 (in thousands):


    Level 3

Balance as of December 31, 2011

  $ 2,104  

Redemption at par value


Realized gains





Balance as of December 29, 2012

  $ —    





    Level 3

Balance as of January 1, 2011

  $ 4,141  

Redemption at par value


Unrealized gains included in other comprehensive income





Balance as of December 31, 2011

  $ 2,104  




Non-Financial Assets Valued on a Non-Recurring Basis

The Company’s long-lived and indefinite-lived assets are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis. These assets are measured at cost but are written-down to fair value, if necessary, as a result of impairment.

During the fourth quarter of 2012, the Company identified adverse events related to the Company’s overall financial performance, including the continued downward trend in the Company’s revenues and negative cash flows from operations, and a sustained decline in the Company’s share price, that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of the Company’s long-lived and indefinite-lived assets below its carrying amount. The Company performed its impairment testing of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets in accordance with ASC 350 Intangibles – Goodwill and Other, and long-lived assets, including intangible assets subject to amortization, in accordance with ASC 360 Property, Plant and Equipment.

We measure our non-financial assets at fair value on a non-recurring basis using the following valuation techniques:

(a) Market Approach – provides an estimation of fair value based on market prices in actual transactions and on asking prices for assets. Considerations such as time and condition of sale and terms of agreements are analyzed for comparable assets and are adjusted to arrive at an estimation of the fair value.

(b) Income Approach – uses valuation techniques to convert future estimated cash flows to a single present amount based on current market expectations about those future amounts, using present value techniques.

(c) Cost Approach – uses the concept of replacement cost as an indicator of fair value. The premise of the costs approach is that, if it were possible to replace the asset, a market participant would pay no more for an asset than the amount for which the asset could be replaced.


The following table represents the fair value measurements for assets measured on a non-recurring basis as of the Company’s impairment testing date, October 31, 2012 (in thousands):


  Fair Value




  $  —       $ 18,854     (b)     Level 3  




Land and building

    9,500       1,000     (a)     Level 3  

Computer software (purchased and developed) and equipment

    15,813       960     (c)     Level 3  




Property and equipment






    —         695     (b)     Level 3  

Customer relationships

    —         911     (b)     Level 3  

Assembled workforce

    —         139     (b)     Level 3  

Trade names

    1,199       3,868     (b)     Level 3  




Intangible assets





Total impairment loss

          $ 26,427              




As of October 31, 2012, total impairment loss was $26.4 million. The Company recorded impairment losses on goodwill, property and equipment and intangible assets of $18.9 million, $1.9 million and $5.6 million, respectively. The fair value measurements are categorized as Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy, as the Company developed its own assumptions and analysis to determine if such assets were impaired. Refer to “Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Nature of Operations”, “Note 4 – Property and Equipment, Net” and “Note 6 – Goodwill and Intangible Assets” for additional details.