|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 29, 2012
|Income Taxes [Abstract]|
Note 10 – Income Taxes
As discussed in “Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Nature of Operations”, the Company applies the current U.S. GAAP on accounting for uncertain tax positions, which prescribe a recognition threshold and a measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. For those benefits to be recognized, a tax position must be more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities. The amount recognized is measured as the largest amount of benefit that has greater than 50 percent likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. We consider many factors when evaluating and estimating our tax positions and tax benefits, which may require periodic adjustments and which may not accurately forecast actual outcomes. As of December 29, 2012, the Company had no material unrecognized tax benefits, interest or penalties related to federal and state income tax matters. The Company’s policy is to record interest and penalties as income tax expense.
The Company is subject to U.S. federal income tax as well as income tax of foreign and state tax jurisdictions. The tax years 2008-2011 remain open to examination by the major taxing jurisdictions to which the Company is subject, except the Internal Revenue Service for which the tax years 2009-2011 remain open. The Company does not anticipate a significant change to the amount of unrecognized tax benefits within the next twelve months.
The components of loss before income tax provision consist of the following (in thousands):
Income tax (benefit) provision for fiscal year 2012, 2011 and 2010 consists of the following (in thousands):
Income tax (benefit) provision differs from the amount that would result from applying the federal statutory rate as follows (in thousands):
For fiscal year 2012, 2011 and 2010, the effective tax rate for the Company was 2.5%, 9.1% and (715.3)%, respectively. The Company’s effective tax rate for fiscal year 2012 differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate primarily as a result of the recording of a $14.1 million valuation allowance against the Company’s deferred tax assets. In 2012, the effective income tax benefit stems primarily from the reversal of the net deferred income tax liability resulting from the write down of goodwill and other intangible assets, and the impact of the Philippine tax holiday, partially offset by the accrual of withholding taxes related to potential repatriation of earnings in the Philippines. The Company’s effective tax rate for fiscal year 2011 differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate primarily as a result of the recording of a $5.7 million valuation allowance against the Company’s deferred tax assets. Additionally, the Company’s fiscal 2011 tax benefit was substantially the result of a $5.1 million impairment loss on intangibles resulting in the reduction of long term deferred tax liabilities. The Company’s effective tax rate for fiscal year 2010 differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate primarily as a result of the recording of a $14.1 million valuation allowance against the Company’s deferred tax assets.
The Company’s effective tax rate was impacted by income taxes incurred in foreign jurisdictions. With respect to the income of its foreign subsidiaries, prior to 2012, the Company treated earnings of the foreign subsidiaries as permanently invested in that jurisdiction. As a result, no additional income tax withholding was provided on the possible future repatriation of these earnings to the parent company in prior years. During 2012, based on current year operating and future cash flow needs the Company decided that it could no longer represent that these funds would be indefinitely reinvested in the foreign jurisdictions, but that such funds may be needed for general corporate purposes. As a result the Company has recorded future withholding taxes which would be due if the funds are required to be repatriated. The Company intends to continue to pursue all reasonable means to increase its investment in the foreign jurisdictions as dictated by future growth in general business activities or as allowed by the foreign jurisdictions to avoid incurring the income tax withholding expense. The favorable impact of foreign taxes is due in large part to a tax holiday in the Philippines, which was effective through September 2012. The Company is in the process of applying for a one year extension. Although management expects the extension to be approved based on its discussion with the foreign taxing authority, the Philippines tax liability has been computed assuming no tax holiday on the post expiration earnings. The impact of this tax holiday decreased foreign taxes by $72,000, $144,000 and $182,000 for fiscal year 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The benefit of the tax holiday on net loss per share was immaterial for the related years.
Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities consisted of the following (in thousands):
At December 29, 2012, federal and state net operating loss (“NOL”) carryforwards were $39.2 million and $53.9 million respectively. Federal NOL carryforwards of $2.7 million were acquired in the acquisition of WAG which are subject to Internal Revenue Code section 382 and limited to an annual usage limitation of $135,000. Additionally, the tax benefit of $0.7 million of the federal and state NOL carryforwards which was created by the exercise of stock options will be credited to additional paid-in-capital once recognized. Federal NOL carryforwards begin to expire in 2029, while state NOL carryforwards begin to expire in 2016. The state NOL carryforwards expire in the respective tax years as follows (in thousands):
The valuation allowance for deferred tax assets recorded during fiscal year 2012 and 2011 is based on a more likely than not threshold. The ability to realize deferred tax assets depends on the ability to generate sufficient taxable income within the carryback or carryforward periods provided for in the tax law for each applicable tax jurisdiction. We considered the following possible sources of taxable income when assessing the realization of deferred tax assets:
Under the provisions of ASC 740, “Income Taxes”, Management is required to evaluate whether a valuation allowance should be established against its deferred tax assets based on the consideration of all available evidence using a “more likely than not” standard. Realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon taxable income in prior carryback years, estimates of future taxable income, tax planning strategies, and reversal of existing taxable temporary differences. ASC 740 provides that forming a conclusion that a valuation allowance is not needed is difficult when there is negative evidence such as cumulative losses in recent years or losses expected in early future years. Based on this evaluation, as of December 31, 2012, a valuation allowance of $36.9 million has been recorded against our deferred tax assets.
If, in the future, we generate taxable income on a sustained basis in jurisdictions where we have recorded full valuation allowances, our conclusion regarding the need for full valuation allowances in these tax jurisdictions could change, resulting in the reversal of some or all of the valuation allowances. If our operations generate taxable income prior to reaching profitability on a sustained basis, we would reverse a portion of the valuation allowance related to the corresponding realized tax benefit for that period, without changing our conclusions on the need for a full valuation allowance against the remaining net deferred tax assets.
Included in accrued expenses are income taxes payable of $25,000, $93,000 and $95,000 for the fiscal year 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively, consisting primarily of foreign taxes.
The entire disclosure for income taxes. Disclosures may include net deferred tax liability or asset recognized in an enterprise's statement of financial position, net change during the year in the total valuation allowance, approximate tax effect of each type of temporary difference and carryforward that gives rise to a significant portion of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets, utilization of a tax carryback, and tax uncertainties information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef